Episode 4.3 - Dutch Revolt Pt 3 - William Begs and the Beggars Answer

William the Silent tries to arrange an invasion of the Netherlands. He succeeds in raising forces, but in the end the Dutch Rebels are beaten back. They do establish a foothold in Holland and Zeeland, though, thanks to the Sea Beggars


  • John Lothrop Motley, The Rise of the Dutch Republic

  • John Lothrop Motley, The History of the United Netherlands

  • Geoffrey Parker, The Dutch Revolt

  • Geoffrey Parker, "Why Did the Dutch Revolt Last 80 Years?"

  • Geoffrey Parker, The Journal of Military History "Limits to Revolution in Military Affairs"

  • Oscar C Gelderbloom, "From Antwerp to Amsterdam"

  • JL Bolton, Francesco Guidi Bruscoli, “When Did Antwerp Replace Bruges as the commercial and financial centre of north-western Europe?”, The Economic History Review, 2008

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