Episode 5.5 - Matilda of Tuscany

Matilda was the Margrave of Tuscany and for a time was the most powerful leader in northern Italy. She acted as an almost independent leader rather than a subject of the Holy Roman Empire, fighting with it over policy and supporting papal authority over imperial in an effort to reform and revitalize the church.


  • Nora Duff, Matilda of Tuscany

  • Giovanni Tabacco, New Cambridge Medieval History, Northern and Central Italy in the Eleventh Century

  • Francis M Gillis, “Matilda, Countess of Tuscany”, The Catholic Historical Review

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