Episode 1.4 - Zenobia

Episode 1.4 is about Zenobia, a Syrian queen who helped defend Rome against Persian invaders, before declaring her own kingdom and pulling 1/3 of the Roman Empire away for a time.


  • Historia Augusta

  • Gary K Young, Rome's Eastern Trade

  • Alaric Watson, Aurelian and Third Century

  • Appian, The Civil Wars

  • Mike Duncan, The History of Rome Podcast

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