Episode 1.9 - Hayreddin Barbarossa

Hayreddin Barbarossa was a Turkish pirate who helped expand the Ottoman Empire west, turned from corsair to admiral, built the Ottoman Navy, and helped change the balance of power in the Mediterranean.


  • Ernle Bradford, The Sultan's Admiral

  • E. Hamilton Currey, Sea-Wolves of the Mediterranean

  • Islands and Military Orders, c.1291-c.1798, Ed: Simon Phillips

  • Kenneth Setton, A History of the Crusades

Names Mentioned